Size: 9.90 Km?
Population: 225
Residents known as: Salare?os
Monuments: Church Tower, Moorish ovens, Sierra de Almijara.
Geographical situation: It is situated in the Axarqu?a region, 39 kilometres from V?lez-M?laga, 579 metres above sea level.
Tourist information: Town Hall, C/Iglesia, 2. 29714.
Phone: 952 508 903 Fax: 952 508 905

Salares is situated on a hilltop, between two riverbeds and amidst high mountains. Its position has conditioned the form that the village has taken. This means that there is no square in the centre and the streets are short and steep, most of them being formed by steps because of the tremendous differences in level. The houses are extraordinarily beautiful; some of them are whitewashed and others are decorated with tiles depicting different religious images and the Way of the Cross. Calle Puente is the flattest one in the village; it leads to the surrounding area, on the eastern slopes, and to the Roman Bridge, which still crosses over the River Salares, a water course which used to link up to the mule tracks to Alhama. The name of the village is Latin in origin and comes from "Salaria Bastitanorum," due to the existence of salt beds in the surrounding area at one time. However its layout is clearly inherited from the days of Arab rule. The Moors built a small fortress right in the village, of which one of the towers remains, near the church, forming part of the house called Del Torre?n.
The history of the village parallels that of the rest of the Axarqu?a. Following its capture by the Christian forces, the Moriscos (Moors "converted" to Christianity) were subjected to all manner of harassment, until they finally rebelled and were subsequently expelled from Spain at the end of the 16th century. At that time, the population of Salares was 548. At the end of the 19th century the area suffered a severe earthquake, and although there was no loss of life, the town centre and numerous houses were damaged. Currently the main source of income in Salares is agriculture, especially olives and almonds, with large areas covered by vineyards.

Restaurante Alminar. Calle Alminar, 3. Tel: 952 50 88 17. The gastronomy of the town is based on products of the soil, with fennel stews and gachas being especially popular here, and the excellent orange-flavoured doughnuts are usually made for the annual San Anton Festival

Casa Angeles. Tel: 952 54 20 58 (Axartur) and 952 27 62 29 (Rural Andalus)
Casa Puente. Tel: 689 77 83 30
Casa Angeles Aguilera. Tel: 952 50 89 26

The festival in honour of San Ant?n, the patron saint of animals, takes place on the weekend that falls closest to January 17th. The Romer?a of the saint is held on the Sunday, when the image is brought to the area known as The Era, accompanied by local horsemen and women. There the saint is placed while animals pass by to be blessed by the parish priest. This is followed by processions through the streets of the town with gifts made of doughnuts and tapas. The town?s Feria takes place at the end of July, falling on the Saturday nearest to the Day of Santa Ana, patron saint of the town, in which there are processions through the streets, fireworks, music and dancing. There is a mass on the Sunday morning, followed by various games in the streets in which everybody takes part. The most important of the purely religious festivals is Holy Week, when an altar is made with flowers on Holy Thursday. The images of the Virgen de los Dolores and Nuestro Padre Jes?s are brought out at night. On Easter Sunday the women of the town carry the Virgin around the upper part of the town, while the men take the Resurrected Child Jesus to the lower part, and both groups then meet at the entrance to the cemetery.

The rosco de naranja (orange doughnut) is the gastronomic item most associated with Salares. According to the local people, the secret of its cooking lies in the number ten: for every kilo of flour, ten oranges, ten spoonfuls of olive oil, sugar, canela and aniseed, with bicarbonate of soda added. The dough is then formed into the traditional shape and fried in cooking oil, then sprinkled in sugar. Other popular dishes of the area include fennel stew, omelettes and fried breadcrumbs. The municipality is well known for its local "rome" wine.

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Villages of
The Axarquia