Size: 46 Km?
Population: Approx. 1.600
Residents known as: Alcaucine?os
Monuments: Church of Nuestra Se?ora del Rosario, Hermitage of Nuestro Se?or del Calvario, Tajo de la Cueva (Cliff of the Cave).
Geographical situation: In the Axarqu

The municipality of Alcauc?n extends into the northern part of the Axarqu?a, between the Sierra de Tejeda and the flatter Periana area, between the spectacular Boquete de Zafarraya cliffs and the Axarqu?a mountains. The most direct road to the town is by the main road to V?lez. From this road we turn off onto the la Vi?uela road and continue on until we reach Puente Don Manuel, an important cross-roads in the Axarqu?a, where we find the road that brings us directly to Alcauc?n. As soon as we enter the town we can see the clear Morisco influence, with low houses, whitewashed facades and above all, the narrow, winding streets. Everything centres on the town square, the former Plaza de San Sebastian that has now been re-named the Plaza de la Constituci?n, where the church and the Town Hall building stands. Most of the old buildings and houses of the town date from the 17th and 18th centuries, when the palatial mansions on calle Arcos and calle Nueva were built, each with its coat of arms. The town?s name is Arab in origin, deriving from Al Cautin, meaning The Arches. Some historians have suggested the reason for this being the existence of an aqueduct in the area, while others believe the name refers to the abundance of yew trees, the wood of which was used to make bows (arco translates as either arch or bow) for warfare and hunting. What is certain is that the area has been populated since pre-historic times, as is evident in the remains found in the Boquete de Zafarraya. It is also believed that the fortress of Zalia was built by the Phoenicians and later occupied by the Moors, falling the the Christians in 1485 when the castle was used as a prison for rebel Moriscos. It was besieged during the Napoleonic invasion in a later period. But the worst disaster that ever befell Alcauc?n was the earthquake of the late 19th century that destroyed houses and changed the course of underground streams.

Mes?n El Ciervo. Plaza de la Salida, 2. Tel: 952 510 031.
Caf? Bar Silva. C/ La Fuente, 4. Tel: 952 510 013.
Caf? Bar Enrique. C/ La Fuente, 14.
Venta La Parra. C/ La Cruz del Gitano, 1. Tel: 952 115 813.
Caf?-Bar Fuente La Pe?a. Ctra. de Loja, 1. Tel: 952 510 075.
Venta Ruyghar. C/ Buenavista, 2. Tel: 952 510 879.
Mes?n Oracio. C/ Villalatas, 12. Tel: 952 510 875.
Mes?n Salia. Puente Don Manuel, 5.
Caf? Bar Casa Paco. Puente Don Manuel, 26.
Restaurante La Era. Puente Don Manuel, 8.
Caf? Bar Sara. Urb. Cruce Don Manuel, s/n.
Caf? Bar Hnos.Ortigosa. Urb. Cruce Don Manuel, s/n.

Hotel Romero. Tel. 952 510 804.
Rural accommodation
Call the following numbers to rent rural houses in Alcauc?n: 952 542 058, 952 536 460, 952 510 052, 952 115 005

Alcauc?n celebrates its Las Candelarias festival in September, with bonfires by night drawing the entire town to the festivities. The Virgen del Rosario festival takes place a month later. On January 20th is the San Sebasti?n procession, this saint being the town?s patron, and there is speech-making in the late evening. The carnival is very important in this town, featuring mainly the so-called Grupos de Jud?os more appropriate to the Holy Week celebrations. The Romer?a de San Isidro Labrador takes place in the middle of May, along with a Cultural Week. The Flamenco Festival is held in the second week of August, and is one of the most popular in the area

The most important culinary delights of Alcauc?n are the cod tarts with honey, the gachas (flour-based garlic mix), the tropezones (small pieces of meat) and the pumpkins with sardines. There are also the home-made pastries and breads, olive oil based tarts and wine doughnuts. All this can be washed down by the excellent moscatel wine made from local grapes.

A local legend says that in the Mesa de Zal?a there was once an ancient city which some authorities claim to have been the famous Odyscia, where the adventures of Ulysses took place while he was travelling these coastlines after the Trojan War. Some says that the nymph Calypso entertained the King of Itaca in this place. Another version claims that the city of Tagara was situated here too. A second legend, of Christian origin, says that Salia de Patricio, Bishop of Malaga, made his second visit to the town to convert the people of the area, failing to actually do so. It was night when he began his journey back to Malaga, and while he travelled the ground opened up and snakes came out to bite the people of S?lia, as a punishment by the Lord. Not surprisingly, the town has been abandoned since that time.
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Villages of
The Axarquia